Common Lumber Terms | Hood Distribution

Common Lumber Terms. 4/4” = 1” (inch) – It is a practice among lumbermen to express the thickness of cabinet grade lumber in quarters of an inch. Hence: 4/4”=1” and so on up to 16/4”=4”. Air-drying (AD) – Wood that has been dried naturally to have moisture content of about 18%.

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Rift & Quartered Grain, The Cleanest Traditional Look ...

Jun 28, 2017·Logs are cut with the grains intersecting the face of the board at an approximate 60-degree angle. The log is sawn into four quarters and each quarter of the log is sawn perpendicular to the growth rings at an angle, therefore being named rift and quartered. This creates the traditional long lined grain that rift and quartered is known for.

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Glossary of Wood Terms - Goosebay Sawmill and Lumber, Inc.

Quarter Measure. Lumber size is often referred to as 4/4 (pronounced FOUR-QUARTER), 5/4 (FIVE-QUARTER), 6/4 (SIX-QUARTER), etc. This refers to the thickness of the lumber when it is first sawn and in its rough dimensions. 4/4 lumber is sawn in the rough to a full 1 inch. The size increases in 1/4″ increments. 5/4 lumber is sawn.

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Sawing Logs for Quartersawn Lumber

Quartersawn Lumber Quartersawn lumber shrinks and swells less in width than plain-sawn lumber. Twists and cups less. Surface checks and splits less during drying and in use. Raised grain caused by separation in annual rings does not become so pronounced. Wears more evenly. Types of figure due to pronounced rays, interlocked grain and wavy grain ...

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Lumber Lingo - The Wood Yard

Lumber Lingo. Here are some helpful abbreviations and charts. A board foot is 12″ X 12″ X 1″. A “quarter” system is commonly used in the hardwood lumber industry when referring to thickness. 4/4 refers to a 1 inch thick board, 6/4 is 1-1/2 inch, 8/4 is 2 inches, and so on. Most of the hardwood lumber in the United States and Canada is ...

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What is rift and quartered wood? - AskingLot

Quarter sawn lumber is defined as wood where the annular growth rings intersect the face of the board at a 60 to 90 degree angle. When cutting this lumber at the sawmill, each log is sawed at a radial angle into four quarters, hence the name.

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What is the difference between Plain Sawn, Quarter Sawn ...

Aug 23, 2017·When lumber is cut from logs, it is typically cut in one of three ways: quarter sawn, rift sawn or plain sawn. Each type of lumber is dependent on how the log is oriented and cut at the sawmill. The result is a particular orientation of the growth rings on the end grain of the board and is what defines the type of lumber. The type of cut also determines the figure in a piece of wood and the ...

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Glossary of Wood Terms - Goosebay Sawmill and Lumber, Inc.

Quarter Measure. Lumber size is often referred to as 4/4 (pronounced FOUR-QUARTER), 5/4 (FIVE-QUARTER), 6/4 (SIX-QUARTER), etc. This refers to the thickness of the lumber when it is first sawn and in its rough dimensions. 4/4 lumber is sawn in the rough to a full 1 inch. The size increases in 1/4″ increments. 5/4 lumber is sawn.

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Why woodworkers should look at quartersawn lumber.

Nov 24, 2020·Quartersawn Wood Lumber: Why Woodworkers Should Be Looking At The Ends of Boards (Video Below) I’ve noticed that most woodworkers start assessing a board by looking at its face, but if this is where your investigations end, you’re missing …

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What is Rough Sawn Lumber? (with pictures)

One of the most popular cuts of lumber for home building is the two-by-four, which actually measures 1.5 inches by 3.5 inches. When lumber is processed at a sawmill, the rough sawn stage is one of the earliest steps, when boards have been cut from a tree but not yet planed and dried.When it is shipped in this state, the lumber is still green, which means that it has not dried and cured.

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Lumber Terminology | Highland Hardwoods

Qtr: Quarter-sawn refers to a method of cutting lumber to achieve straight grain. This type of lumber is more dimensionally stable. Curly: Also known as “Flame or Tiger”, will have a wavy grain appearance. Birdseye: A figure on wood, usually maple and a few other species. The figure is composed of many small BB size rounded areas resembling ...

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Lumber Lingo - The Wood Yard

Lumber Lingo. Here are some helpful abbreviations and charts. A board foot is 12″ X 12″ X 1″. A “quarter” system is commonly used in the hardwood lumber industry when referring to thickness. 4/4 refers to a 1 inch thick board, 6/4 is 1-1/2 inch, 8/4 is 2 inches, and so on. Most of the hardwood lumber in the United States and Canada is ...

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Saw Mills and Describing Wood | The Down To Earth Woodworker

In practice, mills typically refer to any lumber wherein the growth rings range from 60 degrees to 90 degrees as "quarter-sawn." Some are even a little "loose" with this definition, calling all lumber that has been sawn using the quarter-sawing process "quarter-sawn." And in truth, if …

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Why woodworkers should look at quartersawn lumber.

Nov 24, 2020·Quartersawn Wood Lumber: Why Woodworkers Should Be Looking At The Ends of Boards (Video Below) I’ve noticed that most woodworkers start assessing a board by looking at its face, but if this is where your investigations end, you’re missing out on insights that can lead to a lot of creative control and better woodworking.

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Correct thickness for 4/4 and 8/4 lumber | Woodworking Network

Jul 18, 2014·For green, freshly sawn lumber, to be called 4/4, the thicknessin the grading area must be over 1.00 inch; for 5/4, 1.25 inch; for 8/4, 2.00inch. However, lumber does shrink in thickness (and ...

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Rays and Flecks in Oak - WOODWEB

Rift sawn lumber has the grain running at about 15 degrees off of this perpendicular direction. Flecking shows up in white (and red) oak when the grain is perpendicular to the face of the board. When the cut is made at the rift sawn angle the stability of the board is very close to that of quarter sawn, but the angle prevents the flecking from ...

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How to Quarter Saw Timber - Wood-Mizer

Dec 27, 2017·Quarter sawn timber refers to the angle at which the tree’s growth rings intersect the face of the sawn board. Although there are differing opinions on the term, fully quarter sawn lumber is generally defined as growth rings that are 80 to 90 degrees to the face of the board. The quarter sawing method can also produce rift sawn lumber which ...

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Sawing Logs for Quartersawn Lumber

Quartersawn Lumber Quartersawn lumber shrinks and swells less in width than plain-sawn lumber. Twists and cups less. Surface checks and splits less during drying and in use. Raised grain caused by separation in annual rings does not become so pronounced. Wears more evenly. Types of figure due to pronounced rays, interlocked grain and wavy grain ...

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Quarter Sawn Lumber - Information & Benefits

Quarter Sawn. Quartersawn lumber comes at a premium due to the labor it takes to mill each plank. To mill quarter sawn wood, each log is sawed at a radial angle into four quarters. Then each quarter is plain sawn. This method of quarter sawing does leave some waste, but much less than rift sawn lumber.

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What is Quarter Sawn Wood, and what does it mean ...

What is Quarter Sawn Wood or Lumber? Skip to content. Home; Toronto Menu Toggle. Real Estate in Toronto; Living in Toronto

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Saw Mills and Describing Wood | The Down To Earth Woodworker

In practice, mills typically refer to any lumber wherein the growth rings range from 60 degrees to 90 degrees as "quarter-sawn." Some are even a little "loose" with this definition, calling all lumber that has been sawn using the quarter-sawing process "quarter-sawn." And in truth, if …

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Quarter Sawn Wood: 3 Reasons to Use | WWGOA | WoodWorkers ...

Quarter-sawn wood is more stable than plain-sawn. Not only is it less prone to cupping, it also expands and contracts less. Quarter-sawn provides a “quieter” and straighter face grain than plain-sawn. In some woods, especially the oaks, quarter sawing reveals dramatic internal rays that add a …

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Flat Sawn vs. Quarter Sawn Lumber - OHC

Nov 01, 2017·The quarter sawn method is a little bit more costly. However, it’s also more dimensionally stable than the flat sawn boards. Just as the name suggests, quarter sawn lumber is cut into four quarters and then cut using the plain sawn method. The …

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What Does the "Quarter System" of Lumber Thickness Mean ...

Feb 11, 2014·Four quarter and 8/4 are most common, in my experience. Tim Inman: These dimensions are very common among woodworkers and lumber folks. A 6/4 board is called out as “six-quarter” lumber, which means the board was 1-1/2-in. thick when it was cut from the green log.

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What Does Quarter Sawn and Flat Sawn Mean? What’s the ...

Apr 12, 2013·Flat sawn lumber is the most economical way to saw a log and the process produces grain patterns that are wide and cathedral like. Quarter sawn, on the other hand, is more labor intensive and therefore more expensive to buy. Quarter sawn boards have a straight grain pattern, and the lumber is generally more stable than flat sawn.

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Lumber Terminology | Highland Hardwoods

Qtr: Quarter-sawn refers to a method of cutting lumber to achieve straight grain. This type of lumber is more dimensionally stable. Curly: Also known as “Flame or Tiger”, will have a wavy grain appearance. Birdseye: A figure on wood, usually maple and a few other species. The figure is composed of many small BB size rounded areas resembling ...

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